[See my VDARE report:
“Diversity Is Strength! It’s Also…A Corrupt U.S. Navy.”]
Re-posted by Nicholas Stix
Eventually, the Navy will recast these racist mutineers as civil rights heroes, if it hasn’t already.
Warning: I have cut a 12,000-word long congressional report into bite sizes, and yet, the entire report is well worth your time and trouble. The writing is bracing, and has a bluntness such that I could have written it.
Unfortunately, instead of embracing the congressional report’s suggestions, the Navy went in the opposite direction.
Racial Incidents Onboard USS Kitty Hawk (CVA-63) and USS Constellation (CVA-64) in 1972.
U.S. Congress. House. Committee on Armed Forces. Report by the Special Subcommittee on Disciplinary Problems in the US Navy. 92nd Cong., 2d sess., 1973, H.A.S.C. 92-81. Washington, DC: Government Printing Office, 1973.
January 2, 1973
TABLE OF CONTENTS
II. Findings, opinions, and recommendations
III. Missions of the subcommittee
A. Appointment and mandate
B. Hearings and witnesses
IV. Background summary
A. The Kitty Hawk incident
The first confrontation
Confrontation on the hangar deck
The final confrontation
B. The Constellation incident
The "Sit in"
The beach detachment
A. Definition of terms
3. Middle management
Indicators of military discipline
Responsiveness to command
Frequency of disciplinary infractions
C. Race relations
Discrimination or perception?
The communication gap
D. Problems of perception
E. The failure middle management
F. The recruit training
VI. Closing statement
REPORT BY THE SPECIAL SUBCOMMITTE ON DISCIPLINARY PROBLEMS IN THE U.S. NAVY
During the course of the 92d Congress, there has been increasing concern in the House Armed Services Committee over the developing of more relaxed discipline in the military services. Substantial evidence of this practice reached us directly through subcommittee investigative reports and messages from concerned service members, as well as indirectly through events reported in the news media.
While generally our men have performed in the outstanding fashion during battle and other in extremis circumstances, on the occasion there has been an erosion of good order and discipline under more normal operations. More disturbing have been the reports of sabotage of naval property, assaults, and others serious lapses in discipline afloat. Further, lawful orders have been subject to "committee" or "town meeting" proceedings prior to compliance by subordinates.
Capping the various reports were the recent serious incidents aboard U.S.S. Kitty Hawk and U.S.S. Constellation --aircraft carriers of vital importance to the naval mission in the Southeast Asia.
Immediately following air operations aboard the Kitty Hawk on the evening of October 12, 1972, a series of incidents broke out wherein group of blacks, armed with chains, wrenches, bars, broomsticks and other dangerous weapons, went marauding through sections of the ship disobeying orders to cease, terrorizing the crew, and seeking out white personnel for senseless beating with fists and with weapons which resulted in extremely serious injury to three men and the medical treatment of many more, including some blacks. While engaged in this conduct some were heard to shout, "Kill the son-of-a-bitch; kill the white trash; wipe him out!" Others shouted, "They are killing our brothers."
Aboard the U.S.S. Constellation, during the period of November 3-4, 1972, what has been charitably described as "unrest" and as "sit-in" took place while the ship was underway for training exercises. The vast majority of the dissident sailors were black and were allegedly protesting several grievances they claimed were in need of correction.
These sailors were off-loaded as part of a "beach detachment", given liberty, refused to return to the ship, and were later processed only for this minor disciplinary infraction (6 hours of unauthorized absence) at Naval Air Station, North Island, near San Diego.
Because of inherent seriousness of these incidents, the Honorable F. Edward Hébert, chairman, House Armed Service Committee, considered it necessary to appoint this special subcommittee on November 13, 1972, to inquire at once into disciplinary problems in the U.S. Navy with particular reference to "alleged racial and disciplinary problems which occurred recently on the aircraft carriers U.S.S. Kitty Hawk and U.S.S. Constellation."
During the course of its inquiry and hearings, which commenced on November 20, 1972, the subcommittee completed some 2,565 pages of reporter's transcript of testimony, and assembled a large volume of reports, directives, military investigations and other papers which have been the basis for this report.