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Friday, February 15, 2013

The State of White America-2007: Education: Pseudo-Pedagogy, Real Hatred

Release Date: April 5, 2007

Prepared by and for the National Policy Institute by Nicholas Stix, Project Director

 

V. Education: Pseudo-Pedagogy, Real Hatred

By Nicholas Stix

 

 

The most significant cognitive fact of education in a white-majority, multiracial society is that whites enjoy an IQ edge of one standard deviation (15 points) over blacks,[i] and of eleven points over Hispanics.[ii] The IQ edge largely accounts for white eighth-graders outperforming black twelfth-graders by small margins in reading and American history, and by much larger margins in mathematics and geography. "And Hispanics only do a little better than African Americans."[iii]

 

For a generation now, American education has been characterized by the continual spread of (anti-white) racism, violence, and corruption by blacks and Hispanics, and the contradictory denial of racial and ethnic differences in intellectual ability and intellectual ambition. Rather than being a pedagogue's story of the attempt to spread knowledge, American education today is a field properly fit for criminologists, detectives, and prosecutors.

 

During the past year or so we saw the expansion of black supremacist propaganda and violence, and of mestizo supremacist lawlessness and irredentism.

 

 

The Autum of White America?

 

On the last day of Black History Month 2006, 7-year-old "poet," Autum Ashante, gave readings in public schools in Peekskill, New York. Little Autum was already celebrated, having appeared on the racist Def Poetry Jam, at the racist-dominated Apollo Theater, and having reportedly made a spoken word recording, which was produced by Melvin Bolden of Mel B Productions.

 

Autum was invited by her record producer to give readings at Peekskill's public middle school and high school, respectively. Melvin Bolden is a black Peekskill Middle School music teacher, adviser to the high school's Black Culture Club, Republican Peekskill councilman and the Peekskill GOP district leader.[iv]

 

Autum opened the reading by telling the students to stand. She then ordered the white students to sit, telling them that what she was reading was for the black and Hispanic students. Having gone out of her way to insult the white students, the seven-year-old then led the black and Hispanic students in the Black Panther "Black Children's Pledge." (Why Hispanic students would want to join in a celebration of black supremacy is a question beyond the limits of the present study.)

"I pledge allegiance to my Black People.

"I pledge to develop my mind and body to the greatest extent possible.

"I will learn all that I can in order to give my best to my People in their struggle for liberation.

"…I will discipline myself to direct my energies thoughtfully and constructively rather than wasting them in idle hatred…

"I will train myself never to hurt or allow others to harm my Black brothers and sisters…

"These principles I pledge to practice daily and to teach them to others in order to unite my People."[v]

Some translation is necessary: According to black supremacy, the most "thoughtful" and "constructive" use of one's energies involves murdering whites and Asians, or aiding and abetting those who do. "I will train myself never to hurt or allow others to harm my Black brothers and sisters…" involves practices such as physically assaulting police officers who are attempting to arrest black criminals.

Autum then read the following "poem."

 

White Nationalism Put U In Bondage

White nationalism is what put you in bondage>


Pirate and vampires like Columbus, Morgan, and Darwin

Drank the blood of the sheep, trampled all over them with

Steel, tricks and deceit.

Nothing has changed take a look in our streets

The mis-education of she and Hegro -- leaves you on your knee2grow

Black lands taken from your hands, by vampires with no remorse

They took the gold, the wisdom and all of the storytellers

They took the black women, with the black man weak

Made to watch as they changed the paradigm

Of our village

They killed the blind, they killed the lazy, they went

So far as to kill the unborn baby

Yeah White nationalism is what put you in bondage

Pirates and vampires like Columbus, Morgan, and Darwin

They drank the blood of the sheep, trampled all over them with

Steel laden feet, throw in the tricks alcohol and deceit.

Nothing has changed take a look at our streets.

 

Many white students and their parents were outraged. The school district reportedly played a recorded apology, via automated telephone calls, to the district's students and their families.

 

The official apology outraged Autum's father, Batin Ashante.[vi]

"'When you throw a brick in a pack of dogs, the only one that yells out is the one that got hit,' Ashante, 40, a member of the Nation of Islam, said quoting the slain civil rights leader Malcolm X. 'When you hit them with truth, brother, you're naturally going to get this reaction.'[vii]

"Calling district officials 'racist crackers,' he said his daughter is not prejudiced and was only trying to promote unity among black youths by teaching them about their history.

[Calling a white a "cracker" is the equivalent to calling a black the "n" word. Pot, kettle, anyone?]

"'It was not about being disrespectful to anyone,' said Ashante, who brought attention to the conflict by notifying news outlets. 'It was the truth. There was not one line in the poem that was out of turn.'

[It would be more accurate to say that not one line in the poem was true.]

"'I'm confused about why they're making a big fuss about it,' Autum, who is home-schooled by a private instructor, said. 'It wasn't really for white people. It was for black people. Stop killing your brothers and sisters. We're black people and we need black love….'"

"Autum said she wrote the poem after watching 'The Disasters Darwinism Brought to Humanity,' a documentary that claims Charles Darwin's theory of evolution is false and links it to the development of fascism, communism and racism in the 19th century.[viii]

"'I think it's terrible, but it's what they do. So I shouldn't be surprised about it,' she said, referring to some of the white people discussed in the film. 'All they do is just steal, rob and murder...that's the only thing they were raised to do.'

"'Even the ones that try to fix up with us, they're still devils," she said. 'I feel they're devils and they should be gone. We should be away from them and still be in Africa.'"[ix]

(When a black supremacist says "white devils" should be "gone," that means as in dead.)

The issues raised by Autum Ashante's performances in the Peekskill public schools are, in addition to her obvious racism and viciousness:

1.     The roles of Melvin Bolden and Superintendent Judith Johnson, respectively, in orchestrating and permitting a premeditated attempt to incite racial hatred;

2.     The seven-year-old's weaving, in practice and rhetoric, of  two supposedly different black terrorist traditions – the Nation of Islam, which has traditionally been depicted as religious and socially conservative, and the Black Panthers, which have traditionally been depicted as secular and Marxist;

3.     The cowardice of white elites and of the white-owned mass media (as opposed to the relatively small Journal News, which for the most part reported honestly on the Ashantes) in not only failing to condemn Autum and her father, but in self-censoring their reports on them;

4.     The rabid tactics adopted by Autum's supporters, which left no doubt as to the racist double-standard inherent in all talk of "racial insensitivity";

5.     The lack of criticism or investigation by the media or authorities, otherwise so intent on bashing and terrorizing homeschooling white parents, of the dreadful job Autum Ashante's father has done home schooling her;

6.     The public presentation and celebration of black supremacist fantasy "knowledge" which has been paraded by black "educators" in public and private schools for forty years, and in some segregated, black colleges for over fifty years.

Melvin Bolden and Judith Johnson were neither scrutinized nor condemned following Autum Ashante's "performances." Bolden had two glaring conflicts of interest: 1. He is a music teacher at Peekskill Middle School and a Peekskill councilman, and 2. As the producer of Ashante's spoken word recording, he was using the public schools to promote someone in whom he had a commercial interest. Apparently, Peekskill school officials have never met a conflict of interest they didn't like.

The Nation of Islam and the Black Panthers are the most violent racial terrorist organizations in American history, notwithstanding attempts variously to suppress or to revise their respective histories beyond recognition. The most notorious figure combining the two movements was the late Khalid Abdul Muhammad.

 

(The Black Panther Party was considered to have disbanded in the 1970s, but was reconstituted in the late 1990s as the New Black Panther Party by Muhammad, who had been thrown out of the NOI by Min. Louis Farrakhan for publicly making the sort of genocidal statements against whites that NOI leaders have traditionally made only in private. In 1998, during Muhammad's Million Youth March in Harlem, he called on his followers to murder police officers, for which he was not jailed.)[x]

The NOI and the Black Panthers (old and new) are both devoted to the racial annihilation of whites, and both have carried out racial assassinations of whites.[xi]

It may seem odd to some readers that someone should combine aspects of the "religious" Nation of Islam and the "secular" Black Panthers, as Autum Ashante did. Actually, such combinations have become increasingly common. One must keep in mind that both groups were founded as vehicles for the extermination of whites. Their leaders' and members' "beliefs" and "statements" have no truth value; rather, they conceive and say them solely as expressions of hatred, in order to elevate their own self-esteem, to denigrate whites, and to serve the goal of uniting blacks – and any other groups, such as Hispanics, whom they can dupe into serving them – to assault and murder whites.

When Autum Ashante speaks of the need for "black love," one must understand that the black supremacist notion of "black love" is inseparable from the practice of visiting violence upon whites. The two most influential black supremacist writers, Washington, D.C.-based psychiatrist, Frances Cress Welsing, and the late New York-based writer, Amos N. Wilson, have both depicted blacks as pitted in a racial war of annihilation against whites (and in Wilson's case, Asians, as well), in which blacks merely seek to defend themselves against genocidal attack by whites. In a theme that urban blacks have commonly expressed going back to the 1960s (and regarding Asians, since the 1980s), Wilson argued that blacks must refrain from harming each other, and instead turn their fury on whites and Asians.[xii]

Ever since February 28, Autum Ashante has routinely been referred to in the press as a "poet" and a "prodigy." Michelle Malkin quoted New York City Councilwoman Yvette Clarke as saying that Autum is "one of the most precious young talents that this world has ever known."[xiii]

 

The notion that a seven-year-old girl would come on her own to attack Charles Darwin and J.P. Morgan beggars belief. Note that there is no historical connection between Columbus, Darwin, and Morgan, on the one hand, and the racial oppression of blacks, on the other. Things become less mysterious when one learns that that Autum is home-schooled by her single father, Batin Ashante, a member of the black supremacist terrorist cult, the Nation of Islam.

 

Though Columbus had nothing to do with blacks, he is an old standby in the precincts of anti-white racism; Morgan and Darwin require more explanation.

 

In opposition to Darwin, the NOI believes that an evil black scientist named "Yacub" created the white race anywhere from 1,000-6,000 years ago.[xiv]

 

The attack on J.P. Morgan is likely an outgrowth of black supremacists' campaign to extort "reparations" from J.P. Morgan Chase bank. (Some observers believe that the "Morgan" in question was a pirate.)[xv]

Early reports stating that Autum Ashante had been "unofficially banned" from the Peekskill schools, were used by black supremacists such as her father and New York City councilman and former Black Panther Charles Barron as a pretext to vent their rage. Ashante and Barron claimed the child was the victim of racist "harassment" and the violation of her "First Amendment Rights." However, the source for the story about the "banning" was Batin Ashante, who in the best black supremacist tradition, used his own phony story – as did Councilman Barron – as a pretext to curse whites. Batin Ashante also fabricated a story, claiming that Councilman Bolden had been suspended from his teaching job at Peekskill Middle School.

It turned out that the Autum Ashante publicity stunt had been a non-story, ignored by the media, until Batin Ashante began contacting them. Like most black racist outrages against whites, the media had initially refused to report on it. But Batin Ashante and Melvin Bolden were not going to go quietly into the night. They also needed to market their "brand" by any means necessary.

Far from having been harassed, Autum was initially ignored. Far from having had her First Amendment rights violated, she was given carte blanche. Far from having been banned by the Peekskill public schools, she had been showcased by them, and had not been punished in any way.

And contrary to Councilman Charles Barron's fantasies, seven-year-old children have no First Amendment rights.

The only reporter I know of who challenged Councilman Barron's claim that Autum suffered "harassment" was Marcus Franklin of the Associated Press. "Barron said he couldn't cite specific incidents of harassment of the girl since she read the poem." Undeterred, Barron called on New York State Attorney General Elliot Spitzer to investigate and prosecute anyone who had criticized Autum, claiming that such critics were violating her freedom of speech. Apparently, the irony-deficient councilman does not believe that whites have freedom of speech rights.[xvi]

Thus, it should come as no surprise that "Barron said he couldn't understand why anyone would be offended. He characterized the girl as 'brave' and 'outspoken in telling the truth,' and he defended her 162-word poem, praising it as evoking 'peace, power and pride about her heritage.'"[xvii]

Rather than exposing the Ashante family's racism, the mainstream media sought variously to cover it up, or misrepresent it.[xviii]

ABC News reporter Adrienne Mand Lewin went so far as to take her lead entirely from black supremacist talking points, in presenting Autum and Batin Ashante as misunderstood.[xix]

"Inappropriate Actions?

"The conflict began when the school district apologized for the performance in phone messages left for parents, which upset others who believed Ashante had a right to express herself…."

"For her part, Ashante… said she would like to present her poems around the world, adding that she's concerned about the reaction to her work.

"'I feel confused and a little saddened about what it might do to my career,' she said. 'They are just making a big fuss about a poem.'

"Her father, Batin Ashante, said he is 'really, really proud of her.'

"'I will encourage her to continue to do what she does and not to be offensive,' he said, 'not to be rude.'"

The conflict didn't begin when the school district apologized; the conflict began when Autum Ashante opened her mouth.

Contrast ABC News' protective treatment of black supremacist Autum Ashante to its hostile treatment of white supremacist twin singers, Lamb and Lynx Gaede, who perform as "Prussian Blue."

Whereas the ABC News story on Autum Ashante was neutrally titled, "Poet, 7, Sets Off Racial Controversy," and never condemned Autum or Batin Ashante or Melvin Bolden, already the title of its story on the Gaede sisters, Lynx and Lamb, waxed redundant in condemning them: "Young Singers Spread Racist Hate."[xx]

 

The ABC News report took as exact a parallel situation as can be imagined – white sisters home schooled in racial supremacy – and portrayed it in as hostile a manner as can be imagined, in contrast to the sympathetic portrayal of Autum Ashante. The story on the Gaede sisters portrayed white nationalism as synonymous with neo-Nazism.

To return to Autum Ashante, black conservative Roy Innis weighed in that "Racism is racism. Racism is not truth, and poetry is not the cure. Black leaders must not exploit this incident as a cause celebre. They should recognize it for what it is—a case of intellectual child abuse."[xxi]

But black leaders did exploit the incident. And black parents supported Autum Ashante.



[i] Richard Lynn, Race Differences in Intelligence: An Evolutionary Analysis (Augusta, GA: Washington Summit Publishers, 2006), 44.

 

[ii] Ibid., 163.

 

[iii] Abigail Thernstrom and Stephan Thernstrom, No Excuses: Closing the Racial Gap in Learning (New York: Simon & Schuster Paperbacks, 2003), 13.

 

[iv] Apparently, Peekskill has no rules barring Bolden's blatant conflicts of interest. As for a black supremacist rising within the Republican Party ranks, this is surely an example of the practice that William F. Buckley Jr. has spoken of as "co-opting," which Buckley praised Richard Nixon for having institutionalized, and which, Buckley has assured us, has greatly helped to defuse black racial animosity.

 

"Peekskill Republican Party Officials" Peekskill GOP Web Site.

http://www.peekskillgop.com/Officials.htm

 

[v] Michelle Malkin, "'I Pledge Allegiance To My Black People'—But Not America?" VDARE.com, 14 March 2006. http://www.vdare.com/malkin/060314_pledge.htm

[vi] Dwight R. Worley, "Father of young poet says Peekskill school officials are racist," The Journal News, 13 March 2006.

Dwight R. Worley, "Racial Poem Causes Flap in Peekskill," The Journal News, 14 March 2006.

 

[vii] Ibid.

[viii] "The Disasters Darwinism Brought to Humanity" is listed at amazon.com as a five-page pamphlet: http://www.amazon.com/gp/product/1894264444/sr=8-1/qid=1143786511/ref=pd_bbs_1/102-1648815-0342559?%5Fencoding=UTF8

A 192-page book version, with 211 photographs, is also listed at http://www.bookglobal.net/xcart/cus tomer/product.php?productid=529, but no copies were available for purchase at the site when I visited it at the end of March. However, Harun Yahya permits anyone to read his book for free at the following Web site: http://www.harunyahya.com/disaster1.php.

Although I could find no listing of a documentary film with this title, that does not mean that no such film exists. However, author Harun Yahya's work is an attack not on whites, but on materialism as embodied in Darwinism. Yahya believes that "fascism" (read: Nazism) and communism were the twin spawns of Darwinian materialism. He is not a racist. The anti-white racial message of Autum Ashante's rant came not from the source she claims it came from, but more likely from her father's black supremacist teachings.

The following passage is from Yahya's "Introduction: The Bringers of Pain to the 20th Century."

"Fascism and Communism come at the head of the ideologies that caused mankind to suffer those dark days. These are seen as enemies, as ideas that tried to destroy each other. In actual fact, there is a most interesting truth here: for these ideologies were nourished by a single ideological source, drew strength and support from that source, and, thanks to that source, were able to draw societies to their side. At first sight, this source has never drawn any attention, has always remained behind the scenes up until now, and has always shown people its innocent-looking face. That source is the materialist philosophy, and DARWINISM, the state of that philosophy as adapted to nature.

"Darwinism emerged in the 19th century as the restating of a myth, dating back to the Sumerians and Ancient Greece, by the amateur biologist Charles Darwin, and has since then formed the fundamental idea behind all the ideologies that have been harmful to mankind. Wearing a so-called scientific mask, it allowed these ideologies and their supporters' practical measures to win a false legitimacy."

Yahya sees his job as disproving Darwin and other false beliefs, and thereby bringing his readers rationally to a belief in Islam.

[ix] Ibid.

 

[x] "Among other directives, Muhammad told marchers, 'And if you don't have a gun, every one of them [New York City cops] has one gun, two guns, three guns.... In self-defense, if they attack you, take their guns from them and use their guns on them.... Don't let nobody be arrested.'"

 

Nicholas Stix, "New York Mayor Giuliani preempts riot threat by policy of strength," Insight on the News, 12 October 1998.

 

[xi] One of the Panthers' 1960s' tactics for rallying blacks was its practice of assassinating white policemen ("Off the pigs!," was the favorite phrase of Chicago Panther leader Fred Hampton); they carried out several such murders in New York, Chicago, and California.. In 1967, Black Panther leader Huey Newton murdered white Oakland, CA policeman John Frey. And in 1969, two of Fred Hampton's henchmen, Spurgeon Winters and Lance Bell, assassinated white Chicago policemen Frank G. Rappaport and John Gilhooly, who were lured into an ambush by a false call to police of a man with a gun. Exactly three weeks later, local and federal officers shot Hampton dead during a raid in his apartment, which stilled much of the Panthers' lust for murdering white policemen.

Fran Spielman, "Foes of Hampton sign cite cops' slaying," Chicago Sun-Times, 3 March 2006.

In Hugh Pearson's history of the Black Panthers, he refers to Fred Hampton's death as a "murder," and claims that the support by wealthy white radicals of the Panthers "derived at least as much from the notorious brutality used by police in clamping down on the Panthers in the shooting death of Fred Hampton …"

Pearson also writes that "… the Panthers' stature in the eyes of the rest of black America was helped after the shooting deaths of Fred Hampton and Mark Clark…" [Clark was an associate of Hampton's, who was killed at the same time.]

Pearson writes as if Hampton were a pacifist, and the authorities would have done much better, to simply leave the Panthers alone. Nowhere in Pearson's book will one learn of officers Frank G. Rappaport and John Gilhooly, much less of Hampton's responsibility for their murders.

Hugh Pearson, The Shadow of the Panther: Huey Newton and the Price of Black Power in America (Cambridge, MA: Perseus, 1996), 210, 214.

While the NOI was not known for murdering police officers, in 1972, Louis Farrakhan's followers carried out the execution-style murder of NYPD Patrolman Philip Cardillo in the Manhattan mosque Farrakhan ran.

Vincent J. Cannato, The Ungovernable City: John Lindsay and His Struggle to Save New York (New York: Basic Books, 2001), 484ff.

 

From circa 1970-1974, the NOI undertook a mass murder campaign against whites in California in which NOI murder squads called "the Death Angels," using pistols and machetes murdered, maimed, and raped whites across the state. The NOI murdered anywhere from 71 (according to Dick Walley of the California Department of Justice's Intelligence Analysis Unit) to "just under 270" California whites (according to Zebra author Clark Howard).

At the time, the general public knew only of the Death Angels squad that between October 1973 and April 1974 murdered 15 whites and wounded nine in San Francisco, in what became known as "the Zebra killings" (because the SFPD allocated radio frequency "Z" ("Zebra") for all calls related to the killings). In the almost 32 years since the NOI mass murders presumably ended in California, leftwing journalists and professors have embarked on a campaign to "disappear" the murders through variously refusing to mention their racial character or who carried them out, diminishing the number of killings almost to zero, and persecuting any educator who would inform his students of the killings.

Clark Howard, Zebra: The true account of the 179 days of terror in San Francisco (New York: Richard Marek Publishers, 1979).

 

Alison Soltau and J.K. Dineen, "Sanders retires," San Francisco Examiner, 12 August 2003.

 

Thomas Ryan, "Academic Witch-Hunt," Front Page Magazine, 27 April 2005.

http://www.frontpagemag.com/Articles/ReadArticle.asp?ID=17861

 

[xii] Amos N. Wilson, Black-on-Black Violence: The Psychodynamics of Black Self-Annihilation in Service of White Domination (New York: Afrikan World InfoSystems, 1990).

[xiii] Michelle Malkin, "'I Pledge Allegiance To My Black People'—But Not America?," op. cit.

Yvette Clarke inherited her council seat from her mother, Una Clarke, after the city's 1992 term limits law passed in a referendum. That Yvette Clarke should gush about a racist monstrosity is not surprising, given the Clarke family's black supremacist tradition. In 1992, when a black police officer was assaulted in Brooklyn outside of Medgar Evers College (itself a black supremacist stronghold) by a group of black students, when he sought to write a summons for a black male he had caught smoking marijuana, Councilwoman Una Clarke interceded and committed obstruction of justice. She not only got the violation for smoking marijuana voided, but also got the felony counts of assaulting a police officer voided, furnishing the officer's attackers with a get-out-of-jail-free card. During the 1993 mayoral campaign, when police officers were demonstrating in lower Manhattan against black Mayor David Dinkins, Councilwoman Una Clarke claimed that she was harassed on the street near the demonstration by out-of-uniform police officers who called her a "nigger." That NYPD officers, in the year 1993, would say such a thing, was about as likely as Tawana Brawley being abducted and gang-raped in 1987 by a bunch of "white cops."

 

Councilwoman Yvette Clarke has proved herself cut from the same cloth as her mother, in charging white city leaders with "racism" in advance, whenever she wants something done for her district. In 2005, Brooklyn political reporter Erik Engquist wrote of her, "We got the impression Clarke believes DOT Commissioner Iris Weinshall (wife of Senator Chuck Schumer), a Park Slope resident, sits around a table with her deputies and says, 'No need to fix Linden Boulevard—it's mostly black people who live there.'"

 

"Brooklyn Politics by Erik Engquist," 9 May 2005.

http://mysite.verizon.net/vze4mzty/id26.html

 

[xiv] I believe that the NOI stole its "Myth of Yacub" from journalist George S. Schuyler's 1931 racial/science fiction satire, Black No More. In Black No More, black scientist Dr. Junius Crookman devises a treatment for turning blacks white. Carleton College historian and Schuyler-biographer Prof. Harry McKinley Williams apparently agrees, as he has listed my theory in the syllabus of his survey course in African-American History, and assigned his students to read my biographical essay on Schuyler. I do not know whether Williams got his notion regarding Schuyler's influence on the NOI from me, or independently came to the same conclusion.

 

George S. Schuyler, Black No More: Being an Account of the Strange and Wonderful Workings of Science in the Land of the Free, A.D. 1933-1940, (Boston: Northeastern University Press, 1989), foreword by James A. Miller.

 

Nicholas Stix, "Forgotten One: The Story of George S. Schuyler," National Review Online, 3 February 2001.

http://www.nationalreview.com/weekend/books/books-stix020301.shtml

 

Nicholas Stix, "George S. Schuyler, All-American," Intellectual Conservative, 15 March 2004. www.intellectualconservative.com/article3220.html

 

[xv] N'COBRA, National Coalition of Blacks for Reparations in America,
National Office, Press Statement, "J.P. Morgan Acknowledge Debt for Slavery," 27 January 2005. http://www.ncobra.org/events.htm

[xvi] Marcus Franklin, "NYC leaders support black girl who read white nationalism poem," Newsday, 15 March 2006.

Note that in 1997, before getting elected to the New York City Council, Charles Barron, a former member of the black racial terrorist organization, the Black Panthers, called himself the leader of the "Brooklyn Ebonics Movement." In 2002, Councilman Barron achieved notoriety when he said in a speech at a "Millions for Reparations" rally in Washington, D.C., "You know, some days I get so frustrated I just want to go up to the closest white person and say, 'You can't understand this, it's a black thing,' and then slap him, just for my mental health."

Clarence Page, "Reparations Movement Gaining Cult Status," Chicago Tribune, 28 August 2002.

[xvii] Marcus Franklin, "NYC leaders support black girl who read white nationalism poem," op. cit.

[xviii] David Andreatta, "Better or Verse," New York Post, 13 March 2006.

[xix] Adrienne Mand Lewin, "Poet, 7, Sets Off Racial Controversy: Performance Upsets Adults and Students -- for Different Reasons," ABC News, 14 March 2006. http://abcnews.go.com/US/print?id=1723616

[xx] "Young Singers Spread Racist Hate: Duo Considered the Olsen Twins of the White Nationalist Movement," ABC News, 20 October 2005.

http://abcnews.go.com/Primetime/print?id=1231684

[xxi] "Roy Innis Asks, 'Autum Ashante: A Cause Celebre Or An Intelligent But Misguided Child?'" Newsreleasewire.com, 17 March 2006. http://www.expertclick.com/NewsReleaseWire/default.cfm?Action=ReleaseDetail&ID=12025


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