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Sunday, February 17, 2013

The Majority of America’s “Elite” Universities Remain Anti-First Amendment Zones, the U.S. Constitution be Damned!


Posted by Nicholas Stix

Campus Clampdowns on Free Speech Flunk Their Legal Tests
A federal jury holds a former public university president liable for unfairly expelling a student critic of his policies.
By Greg Lukianoff
February 16, 2013
The Wall Street Journal

In a case that may help end the decades-long scandal of speech codes on college campuses, a federal jury in Georgia this month held the former president of a public university personally liable for violating the basic rights of one of his students.

In 2007, Valdosta State University President Ronald Zaccari expelled student Hayden Barnes after Mr. Barnes protested Mr. Zaccari's plan to construct two new parking garages on campus. Mr. Barnes believed that the university should pursue more environmentally friendly alternatives, and he let the campus community know his opinion through a determined yet civil campaign, including posting flyers around campus, writing to the campus newspaper, and contacting fellow students and other members of the university community. One flyer pointed out that the estimated $30 million cost of the garages could provide 2,940 full scholarships for students at the school.

Mr. Zaccari apparently began looking for a reason to expel this meddlesome student. He settled upon a collage that Mr. Barnes had posted on Facebook that referred to the construction project as a "memorial" parking garage, a joke on the president's belief that the garage would be part of his legacy. Mr. Zaccari, alleging that the use of the word "memorial" constituted a threat on his life, threw Mr. Barnes out of school, despite objections by his own staff and statements from multiple psychologists that the student (a believer in nonviolence and a decorated emergency medical technician) wasn't a threat to anyone.

Mr. Barnes filed suit in 2008, enlisting the help of First Amendment attorney Robert Corn-Revere. This month a federal jury found against Mr. Zaccari and awarded $50,000 in compensatory damages to Mr. Barnes. Mr. Zaccari (who announced his retirement in the fall of 2007) may also be held liable for Mr. Barnes's legal fees.

Presidents of public universities would normally be protected from such a decision by "qualified immunity," a legal principle that shields state employees from personal liability for constitutional violations while carrying out their job duties. However, this immunity can be pierced when a state official is found to have abused his legal authority and done something he either knew or should have known violated clearly established constitutional rights. Here, Mr. Zaccari ignored Mr. Barnes's constitutional right to due process.

Unfortunately, there remains a real possibility that Valdosta State University—that is, Georgia taxpayers—will end up paying both Mr. Zaccari's legal expenses and Mr. Barnes's. Georgians shouldn't take this without a fight.

The state should no more pay to defend a university president who ignored the Constitution than it should pay to defend a university president who committed a crime. The point of being able to pierce qualified immunity is to deter state employees from knowingly ignoring the fundamental rights of citizens.

The number of public university employees who do so is staggering. Since the 1980s, campuses across the country have maintained dramatic restrictions on speech. There are "free speech zones" like the University of Cincinnati's, which—until a court ruling last summer—restricted student protest to .1% of the space on campus. And there are definitions of "academic abuse" like that of Auburn University at Montgomery, Ala., which blocks professors from making students "feel insignificant or inferior" and from "making judgments." Since grading is a form of judgment, it is hard to understand how any university administrator could think such a policy belongs in an academic environment.

Such restrictions on campus speech are consistently defeated in court—but only when challenged, which is not nearly often enough. According to the most recent annual study conducted by my organization, the Foundation for Individual Rights in Education, nearly 63% of more than 400 of America's largest and most prestigious colleges maintain policies that seriously violate First Amendment principles.

More than a dozen major court rulings have forced public universities to end unconstitutional restrictions on speech. My organization has given hundreds of top colleges notice that their policies would likely be similarly struck down by courts.
Because the law regarding student First Amendment rights is so clearly established, when public universities are proved guilty of enforcing unlawful speech codes anyway, administrators should be held personally liable. Taxpayers shouldn't be forced to continue to bail out those who strip their sons and daughters of their most basic rights.

It would be best if universities chose on their own to make themselves safe places for students to discuss ideas, question sacred cows and even be politically incorrect. But universities have had decades to create such environments, and yet speech codes remain in place on hundreds of campuses. Perhaps the only way to force schools to follow the law is to launch more lawsuits and hold more administrators personally liable. If so, campus administrators have no one to blame but themselves.

Mr. Lukianoff is president of the Foundation for Individual Rights in Education and author of "Unlearning Liberty: Campus Censorship and the End of American Debate" (Encounter, 2012).

1 comment:

PDK said...

For what it's worth:

Black dysfunction in America occurs for the same reason it occurs everywhere on planet Earth. There is a reason blacks naturally gravitate to low man on the totem pole. The reason is their DNA and their black gene pool, the “vault” of black genetics.

Their more r selective gene pool evolved to produce an individual meant for tribalistic life, and not for the higher created civilized culture the whites have produced.

Blacks cannot make muster here in our higher culture of civilization because their nature precludes them from such an achievement. They can have their tribal garb removed and be put in the white man’s clothes, but this does not change him into a white man, after all, we put white man’s cloths on dummies but they do not change from being dummies.

R selective gene pools when compared to k selective gene pools favor quantity over quality; therefore blacks have a greater urge and ability to reproduce, but this at the expense of a higher IQ, and therefore the blacks suffer from a physically smaller, lower IQed, cerebrum.

America’s problem is that it was transmogrified into a fully enfranchised democracy. Voting necessarily demands maturity and responsibility born of a higher IQ. When America became a fully enfranchised democracy it wrote its own epitaph.

What then emerged was the “alliance”, a consortium of losers, WL, blacks, browns, Islamics and Amerindians. All either immature, of low IQ or both.

As for the blacks, it is a shame they were not all shipped back to Africa. In fact in 1816 the American Colonization Society was founded and began shipping freed blacks back to Africa; this is where the country of Liberia comes from.

For most of his life Abe Lincoln was for the ACS’s repatriation of blacks, in fact as President he favored a colonization of Central America by American blacks.

Blacks are a huge part of the alliance, giving near 100% of its 13% American population vote to the democrat party, the party for a socialist democracy, which itself translates into tyranny, poverty and misery.

For me America is now the proverbial “dead man walking”, as the alliance outnumbers non-liberal whites, the only hope America has ever had in its fully enfranchised era.

The removal of blacks would be a welcomed reality for non-liberal whites but has no probability of materializing. Blacks may be of lower IQ, but they’re not stupid enough to give up the “good life” of life here in America with all the parasitizing to be had, both culturally and genetically.

I believe secession into a mutually exclusive country for non-liberal whites only, is feasible, but is too much sacrificing for said non-liberal whites, at this point in time.

Unfortunately, this implies a continuing on of current policy, which among other realities, calls for the forging of a single American gene pool. This means a total and complete mixing of all inhabitants of America, which BTW, is good for the alliance of losers but bad for non-liberal whites and in reality, for all whites, though liberal whites are too immature to allow themselves to see this reality.

And so the blacks, with their physically smaller, lower IQed cerebrum will continue being their natural, tribalistic self here, in spite of donning the white man’s clothes, and will therefore continue dysfunctional behavior that we all must bear and pay the price for.

Since the alliance achieved its superiority, as evidence by BHO’s twice elected Presidency, I feel no more patriotism for America.

It is a shame, but America is no longer the land for the genuinely elite, pursuing their happiness and inadvertently enriching the entire world, but a forging ground for egalitarianism in both culture and genetics.

Good grief Charlie Brown, we are doomed. Thank you.