PayPal

Saturday, January 21, 2012

This Day in History: January 20

 

20

 

Lead Story

January 20, 1981:

Iran Hostage Crisis Ends

 





Previous Day
January 20

Minutes after Ronald Reagan's inauguration as the 40th president of the United States, the 52 U.S. captives held at the U.S. embassy in Teheran, Iran, are released, ending the 444-day Iran Hostage Crisis.

On November 4, 1979, the crisis began when militant Iranian students, outraged that the U.S. government had allowed the ousted shah of Iran to travel to New York City for medical treatment, seized the U.S. embassy in Teheran. The Ayatollah Khomeini, Iran's political and religious leader, took over the hostage situation, refusing all appeals to release the hostages, even after the U.N. Security Council demanded an end to the crisis in an unanimous vote. However, two weeks after the storming of the embassy, the Ayatollah began to release all non-U.S. captives, and all female and minority Americans, citing these groups as among the people oppressed by the government of the United States. The remaining 52 captives remained at the mercy of the Ayatollah for the next 14 months.

President Jimmy Carter was unable to diplomatically resolve the crisis, and on April 24, 1980, he ordered a disastrous rescue mission in which eight U.S. military personnel were killed and no hostages rescued. Three months later, the former shah died of cancer in Egypt, but the crisis continued. In November 1980, Carter lost the presidential election to Republican Ronald Reagan. Soon after, with the assistance of Algerian intermediaries, successful negotiations began between the United States and Iran. On the day of Reagan's inauguration, the United States freed almost $8 billion in frozen Iranian assets, and the hostages were released after 444 days. The next day, Jimmy Carter flew to West Germany to greet the Americans on their way home.

Fact Check We strive for accuracy and fairness. But if you see something that doesn't look right, contact us!

 

Previous Day January 20

 

Also on This Day

Lead Story

Iran Hostage Crisis ends, 1981

 

American Revolution

Battle of Millstone, New Jersey, 1777

 

Automotive

GM takes an interest in Oakland Motor Car Corp., 1909

 

Civil War

Union General Burnside's troops get bogged down in mud, 1863

 

Cold War

Truman announces Point Four program, 1949

 

Crime

Football player-turned-murderer born, 1974

 

Disaster

Bullfight spectators die when bleachers collapse, 1980

 

General Interest

Hong Kong ceded to the British, 1841

 

FDR inaugurated to fourth term, 1945

 

John F. Kennedy inaugurated, 1961

 

Terry Waite disappears, 1987

 

Arafat elected leader of Palestine, 1996

 

Hollywood

Actress Audrey Hepburn dies, 1993

 

Literary

Robert Frost reads at JFK's inauguration, 1961

 

Music

Country star Jerry Lee Lewis rocks the Grand Ole Opry, 1973

 

Old West

Ronald Reagan becomes president, 1981

 

Presidential

Franklin Delano Roosevelt is sworn in as president, 1937

 

Sports

President Carter calls for Olympics to be moved from Moscow, 1980

 

Vietnam War

Richard Nixon takes office, 1969

 

New communist offensive anticipated, 1972

 

World War I

Goeben and Breslau battle the Allies in the Aegean, 1918

 

World War II

The Wannsee Conference, 1942

 

This Week in History, Jan 20 - Jan 26

Jan 20, 1981

Iran Hostage Crisis ends

 

Jan 21, 1977

President Carter pardons draft dodgers

 

Jan 22, 1998

Ted Kaczynski pleads guilty to bombings

 

Jan 23, 1957

Toy company Wham-O produces first Frisbees

 

Jan 24, 1935

First canned beer goes on sale

 

Jan 25, 1905

World's largest diamond found

 

Jan 26, 1788

Australia Day

 

More on History.com

No comments: